Emus
The word emu comes from the Portuguese word 'ema', which means 'large  bird'. Standing up to 2 m tall, adult male emus are Australia's largest birds.  In size, they are second only to ostriches in the world. Their powerful legs  give them great speed, some running up to 50 km per hour. At full pace, an  emu's stride can measure up to 3 m.The emu belongs to a group of flightless  running birds with flat breastbones known as ratites. Ratites are the oldest  of modern bird families. They include kiwis, ostriches and cassowaries. The  emu's feathers are very primitive and look like a form of coarse hair. The  special nature of these feathers enables emus to cope with extreme changes  in weather. The emu's tracheal pouch, which is part of its windpipe, is used  for communication. It is over 30 cm long and very thin-walled, and it allows  the bird to produce deep guttural grunts. This pouch develops fully during  the breeding season and is most frequently used during courtship.The emu is a hardy bird and will  survive in most parts of Australia's rugged environment, but it avoids thickly forested regions. It  thrives in remote places like the dry plains at Australia's centre, the tropical woodlands to the north,  and the cold snowfields of the high country.Emus eat a wide variety of leaves, grasses, fruits, native  plants, and insects. In spring and summer, their diet consists mainly of flowers and seeds. In autumn,  as those foods become scarce, they graze on young grass which sprouts after summer rains. In winter,  herbs form the emu's main food. They eat insects when these are available - such as during  grasshopper plagues.Emus eat a wide variety of leaves, grasses, fruits, native plants, and insects. In  spring and summer, their diet consists mainly of flowers and seeds. In autumn, as those foods  become scarce, they graze on young grass which sprouts after summer rains. In winter, herbs form the  emu's main food. They eat insects when these are available - such as during grasshopper  plagues.Emus do not have the option of flying away if under attack from predators. If attacked from  above by other birds such as the wedge-tailed eagle, emus will run in a zigzag pattern. However, at  close quarters their main defence is a swift kick or two with their powerful legs.As courtship begins,  the female emu's plumage becomes slightly darker. When she finds a partner, the two of them will  build a nest of trampled grass in open or lightly- covered country. A clutch of dark green eggs (usually  between 5 and 20) is laid in May or June. The female then leaves the nest area, after which she shows  no more interest in her eggs or partner. She may simply wander off to join a group of non-breeding  birds, or she may find another mate and lay again.The male incubates the eggs for eight to ten weeks.  He seldom leaves the eggs during this period, and can lose a considerable amount of weight. He waits  until they are all hatched before he and his chicks leave the nest site.The young emus can remain  with their father for up to two years. Once fully grown, they may stay in the same area or wander  widely in search of food, water and a mate. They become sexually mature at about 18 months of age
               Emus
The word emu comes from the Portuguese word 'ema', which means 'large  bird'. Standing up to 2 m tall, adult male emus are Australia's largest birds.  In size, they are second only to ostriches in the world. Their powerful legs  give them great speed, some running up to 50 km per hour. At full pace, an  emu's stride can measure up to 3 m.The emu belongs to a group of flightless  running birds with flat breastbones known as ratites. Ratites are the oldest  of modern bird families. They include kiwis, ostriches and cassowaries. The  emu's feathers are very primitive and look like a form of coarse hair. The  special nature of these feathers enables emus to cope with extreme changes  in weather. The emu's tracheal pouch, which is part of its windpipe, is used  for communication. It is over 30 cm long and very thin-walled, and it allows  the bird to produce deep guttural grunts. This pouch develops fully during  the breeding season and is most frequently used during courtship.The emu is a hardy bird and will  survive in most parts of Australia's rugged environment, but it avoids thickly forested regions. It  thrives in remote places like the dry plains at Australia's centre, the tropical woodlands to the north,  and the cold snowfields of the high country.Emus eat a wide variety of leaves, grasses, fruits, native  plants, and insects. In spring and summer, their diet consists mainly of flowers and seeds. In autumn,  as those foods become scarce, they graze on young grass which sprouts after summer rains. In winter,  herbs form the emu's main food. They eat insects when these are available - such as during  grasshopper plagues.Emus eat a wide variety of leaves, grasses, fruits, native plants, and insects. In  spring and summer, their diet consists mainly of flowers and seeds. In autumn, as those foods  become scarce, they graze on young grass which sprouts after summer rains. In winter, herbs form the  emu's main food. They eat insects when these are available - such as during grasshopper  plagues.Emus do not have the option of flying away if under attack from predators. If attacked from  above by other birds such as the wedge-tailed eagle, emus will run in a zigzag pattern. However, at  close quarters their main defence is a swift kick or two with their powerful legs.As courtship begins,  the female emu's plumage becomes slightly darker. When she finds a partner, the two of them will  build a nest of trampled grass in open or lightly-covered country. A clutch of dark green eggs (usually  between 5 and 20) is laid in May or June. The female then leaves the nest area, after which she shows  no more interest in her eggs or partner. She may simply wander off to join a group of non-breeding  birds, or she may find another mate and lay again.The male incubates the eggs for eight to ten weeks.  He seldom leaves the eggs during this period, and can lose a considerable amount of weight. He waits  until they are all hatched before he and his chicks leave the nest site.The young emus can remain  with their father for up to two years. Once fully grown, they may stay in the same area or wander  widely in search of food, water and a mate. They become sexually mature at about 18 months of age
               Emus
The word emu comes from the Portuguese word 'ema', which means 'large  bird'. Standing up to 2 m tall, adult male emus are Australia's largest birds.  In size, they are second only to ostriches in the world. Their powerful legs  give them great speed, some running up to 50 km per hour. At full pace, an  emu's stride can measure up to 3 m.The emu belongs to a group of flightless  running birds with flat breastbones known as ratites. Ratites are the oldest  of modern bird families. They include kiwis, ostriches and cassowaries. The  emu's feathers are very primitive and look like a form of coarse hair. The  special nature of these feathers enables emus to cope with extreme changes  in weather. The emu's tracheal pouch, which is part of its windpipe, is used  for communication. It is over 30 cm long and very thin-walled, and it allows  the bird to produce deep guttural grunts. This pouch develops fully during  the breeding season and is most frequently used during courtship.The emu is a hardy bird and will  survive in most parts of Australia's rugged environment, but it avoids thickly forested regions. It  thrives in remote places like the dry plains at Australia's centre, the tropical woodlands to the north,  and the cold snowfields of the high country.Emus eat a wide variety of leaves, grasses, fruits, native  plants, and insects. In spring and summer, their diet consists mainly of flowers and seeds. In autumn,  as those foods become scarce, they graze on young grass which sprouts after summer rains. In winter,  herbs form the emu's main food. They eat insects when these are available - such as during  grasshopper plagues.Emus eat a wide variety of leaves, grasses, fruits, native plants, and insects. In  spring and summer, their diet consists mainly of flowers and seeds. In autumn, as those foods  become scarce, they graze on young grass which sprouts after summer rains. In winter, herbs form the  emu's main food. They eat insects when these are available - such as during grasshopper  plagues.Emus do not have the option of flying away if under attack from predators. If attacked from  above by other birds such as the wedge-tailed eagle, emus will run in a zigzag pattern. However, at  close quarters their main defence is a swift kick or two with their powerful legs.As courtship begins,  the female emu's plumage becomes slightly darker. When she finds a partner, the two of them will  build a nest of trampled grass in open or lightly-covered country. A clutch of dark green eggs (usually  between 5 and 20) is laid in May or June. The female then leaves the nest area, after which she shows  no more interest in her eggs or partner. She may simply wander off to join a group of non-breeding  birds, or she may find another mate and lay again.The male incubates the eggs for eight to ten weeks.  He seldom leaves the eggs during this period, and can lose a considerable amount of weight. He waits  until they are all hatched before he and his chicks leave the nest site.The young emus can remain  with their father for up to two years. Once fully grown, they may stay in the same area or wander  widely in search of food, water and a mate. They become sexually mature at about 18 months of age